Lack of talent research and capital investment in domestic LED patent awareness needs to be strengthened

It is understood that from the 1970s, there were LED patent applications, and the number of applications per year exceeded 100. In recent years, LED patent applications have increased rapidly, with more than 20,000 patents per year. At present, there are 124,000 LED patents applied globally, of which Japan has the most patents, accounting for 49,000, and the United States also accounts for more than 20,000. Compared with foreign countries, how is the application status of China's LED industry technology patents? Does the patent application for LED technology attract enough attention in China?

International and domestic LED patent application status
In the smoke-filled LED industry, China's LED companies in particular need sufficient "ammunition." Many LED industry giants belong to Japanese and American companies. Under normal circumstances, companies will first apply for new technologies in their own countries. Therefore, the number of patent applications in the LED field in Japan and the United States is far ahead. The number of LED patent applications in China has reached more than 26,000, of which nearly 50% are patents for packaging and application in the middle and downstream industries. However, most of these patents are not original, most of them are based on the original patents of international LED giants, and some repairs are made, and the patent gold content is also greatly reduced.

If it is really a patent lawsuit with the international LED giant, nearly 70% of domestic enterprise LED invention patents may be invalid. According to the domestic LED company annual report or prospectus data, Ruifeng Optoelectronics, Hongli Optoelectronics, Lehman Optoelectronics, Ganzhao Optoelectronics, Sanan Optoelectronics and Dehao Runda have a total of 707 LED patents, and the invention patents only There are 77 pieces. Dehao Runda, which owns 44 invention patents, mainly originated from the acquisition of EPIVALLEY in South Korea.

In 2008, a retired professor at Columbia University filed an application with the US International Trade Commission (ITC) for an LED patent infringement against China, such as Hongli Optoelectronics, Shenzhen Zhoulei, Dalian Lumei and Hangzhou Silan Mingxin. The company initiated the “337 investigation”. In the end, several LED companies in China paid millions of dollars in settlement fees. The shock of the “337 investigation” in China's LED industry is huge. On April 16, 2012, the second day of the construction and lighting exhibition in Frankfurt, Germany, a group of German customs staff rushed to the front of a domestic company's booth and seized their pirated, infringing LED lighting. The company's infringement patents are the intellectual property rights of Shenzhen Zhongming Semiconductor Lighting Co., Ltd. Based on the protection of customer rights and the maintenance of the company's own interests, Zhongming also launched the first shot of patent protection. From such an incident, we can see that there is a lot of water in the patent industry in China, and one patent infringement is still relatively serious.

Companies are not willing to invest in research <br> <br> current Chinese LED manufacturers over 8000, more than 5000 in the middle and lower reaches of the industry, which has packaging companies from 1200 to 1500, with annual sales of about 1 billion yuan There are more than 40 companies with sales ranging from 10 million yuan to 100 million yuan, and most of them have sales of less than 10 million yuan. The profits of middle and downstream enterprises account for only about 25% of the entire industrial chain. Chip and package manufacturing companies in the upstream account for about 75% of the profits in the industry chain. It can be seen that although the number of LED enterprises in China is large, the scale is generally small and the profit is low.

Research on LED technology is not a project that can see benefits in the short term. It requires long-term investment of funds. Most of the enterprises in China's LED industry are in the middle and downstream, the scale of enterprises is relatively small, and the funds are not sufficient. Therefore, most companies are not willing to invest a lot of money for technical research. Coupled with the fierce competition in the Chinese LED market, this has prompted enterprises to reluctant to invest in technology research, which makes the lack of LED patents and water in China. Without their own technology, most of China's LED companies can only imitate. The sales director of a company said that imitation is also a way of enterprise development, and imitation still has certain technology. In many industries in China, there is a phenomenon of imitation, and the ability to imitate has become a factor that constitutes the competitiveness of enterprises. However, imitation is imitation after all, without its own core technology, even if the quality of the product is not guaranteed, coupled with the phenomenon of imitation, it is easy to appear product homogenization, there will be a price war, the enterprise can only rely on earning Take a meager profit. Such a vicious circle is also the reason why the Chinese LED industry has not created more core patents.

Lack of talent research can not last long-term adherence to the LED industry is currently facing the biggest problem is the lack of professionals. Many companies have expressed such feelings: enterprises lack talents, and existing talent resources are facing the situation of loss and being excavated. The general manager of a LED company told the media that the marketing directors, sales managers, and technical engineers in their companies have recently quit, or they have started their own business, or they have been hired by other companies with high salaries. The business situation of the company was once affected. In order to win talents, many companies have to hire high-paying technology talents from other companies. This does not start from the fundamental problem, but the practice of recruiting talents at high salaries is not conducive to the long-term development of the industry. There are only such talents in the LED industry, and then they are dug from this enterprise to another enterprise, and then from this enterprise. It has been dug into another that although the enterprise has obtained talents for a while, there is no breakthrough in the technical research of the enterprise. It is difficult to produce a technology research without a certain amount of time, and the patent will be difficult to appear. . LED technology talents bring their only knowledge from this company to another company, and then to other companies, technology or those technologies, without being updated, without upgrading, it is difficult to have new patents.

There are many reasons for the lack of talent. First of all, the industry is growing rapidly, and companies are too late to train talent. Since the beginning of the 1990s, the first LED companies have emerged in China, and the entire LED industry has begun to develop rapidly. After policy support and government subsidies in recent years, a large number of people have flooded into the LED industry, and more and more new companies have joined the LED army, and the industry is exploding. Faced with the rapid development speed, many new enterprises have no time to train talents, and they can only use their high salaries to “dig people” from other companies.

Secondly, the LED industry belongs to a sunrise industry with good market prospects. Many companies have transformed or entered the LED industry, but these companies don't know LEDs and don't know where LED customers are, so they have to find them in the easiest way. Customer resources, see where to get rich and where to get involved. This kind of approach does not take training from the talent side, and does not break through from the technical level, it is difficult to fundamentally promote the development of the LED industry.

Third, the lack of LED talent training system, the domestic basic education for LED is lacking. Taiwan has LED packaging expertise, but only optoelectronics in the mainland, and optoelectronics and LEDs are separated by a hundred thousand miles. The basic education in China has not cultivated talents in LED. This has inherent congenital shortcomings in the LED base, and in the later period, there has been a deformed development, LED talent education has no basis, and domestic LED talent construction has not been perfected.

LED train professionals to enhance patent awareness
<br> <br> patent is not just a simple term, it is more implicit connotations science and technology, human resources, marketing, and technology has meant it has, with talent, with the market. In the future market competition, the patent is like a soldier's equipment. The equipment on the body is more. The soldiers are more confident when they fight, and it is easier to grasp the initiative and win the market more easily.

The development of the LED industry can not be developed by the support of the government. The basic work is the key. This requires starting from cultivating talents, building a team of LED professionals, and building a professional talent pool. At the same time, the awareness of LED patents should also be strengthened, so that enterprises have a strong sense of patents, and they have a strong willingness to build core technologies and apply for patent rights. In this way, China's LED industry is not only a lot of technology, but also superior in quality.

(This article is reproduced on the Internet. The texts and opinions expressed in this article have not been confirmed by this site, nor do they represent the position of Gaogong LED. Readers need to verify the relevant content by themselves.)

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